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17.12.2017, 11:55 Europe/Athens

Πηγή: Λογισμικό "Σήμερα"

Το Χωριό μας » Ιστορία » Μνήμες και Παραδόσεις » Μετανάστες στην Αμερική

Το μεταναστευτικό κύμα από την Ελλάδα στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες της Αμερικής κορυφώνεται στις αρχές του 20ου αιώνα και ιδιαίτερα την περίοδο 1900-1920. Είναι τότε που χιλιάδες Έλληνες εξαιτίας της κακής οικονομικής κατάστασης αναγκάζονται να αναζητήσουν την τύχη τους στη «Νέα Γη της Επαγγελίας».

Το ταξίδι απ' το λιμάνι του Πειραιά για την Νέα Υόρκη συχνά ξεπερνούσε τις 20-22 ημέρες. Μαρτυρίες επιβατών χαρακτηρίζουν τις συνθήκες διαβίωσης στα μεταναστευτικά υπερωκεάνια σαν “άθλιες” για τους επιβάτες της τρίτης θέσης που ήταν και οι περισσότεροι. Φωτογραφίες της εποχής τους δείχνουν στοιβαγμένους σαν εμπόρευμα στο κατάστρωμα και στ’ αμπάρια του πλοίου.

Φτάνοντας στα ανοιχτά του λιμανιού της Νέας Υόρκης οι μετανάστες επιβιβάζονταν σε βάρκες της Υπηρεσίας Αλλοδαπών και μεταφέρονταν στο περίφημο Ellis Island (Έλις Άιλαντ) γνωστό στους Έλληνες μετανάστες ως «Καστιγκάρι».

Το Ellis Island είναι ένα μικρό νησάκι στην είσοδο του λιμανιού της Νέας Υόρκης. Ήταν η πύλη εισόδου για τα εκατομμύρια μεταναστών προς τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες από τον Ιανουάριο του 1892 έως το Νοέμβριο του 1954. Στα χρόνια λειτουργίας του σαν σταθμού υποδοχής και επιθεώρησης μεταναστών δώδεκα εκατομμύρια άνθρωποι, από διάφορες χώρες, πέρασαν από εκεί για να υποβληθούν σε ταυτοποίηση στοιχείων και σε ιατρικές εξετάσεις προκειμένου να τους εγκριθεί η άδεια εισόδου στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες. Ονομάστηκε και «Νησί της Ελπίδας, Νησί των Δακρύων» λόγω της ελπίδας τους για μία καλύτερη ζωή αλλά και των δακρύων τους όταν δεν γίνονταν δεκτοί στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες και ήταν αναγκασμένοι να γυρίσουν πίσω.

Υπολογίζεται ότι το ένα τρίτο του σημερινού πληθυσμού της Αμερικής κατάγονται από τους μετανάστες που έφθασαν αρχικά στην Αμερική μέσω του Ellis Island πριν από τη διασπορά τους σε όλη τη χώρα.



Σήμερα το Ellis Island λειτουργεί σαν μουσείο και ιστορικό κέντρο μετανάστευσης. Όλα τα έγγραφα και πιστοποιητικά σχετικά με τους μετανάστες που πέρασαν απ’ το νησί, κατά τη περίοδο λειτουργίας του, έχουν καταχωρηθεί στην ιστοσελίδα www.libertyellisfoundation.org.

Παραθέτουμε τα στοιχεία των συγχωριανών μας όπως αυτά υπάρχουν στα επίσημα αρχεία του Μουσείου Μετανάστευσης του Ellis Island. Η σειρά παρουσίασης των ονομάτων είναι σύμφωνα με το χρόνο άφιξής τους στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες της Αμερικής.

Αν κάποιος γνωρίζει ονόματα και άλλων συγχωριανών μας που μετανάστευσαν στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες εκείνη την περίοδο ας επικοινωνήσει μαζί μας για τη συμπλήρωση του καταλόγου των ονομάτων.



First Name: Dimitrios
Last Name: Kamburis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Smyrna, Turkey, Asia
Date of Arrival: Sep 27, 1909
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0004
First Name: Georges
Last Name: Kamburis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Smyrna, Turkey, Asia
Date of Arrival: Sep 27, 1909
Age at Arrival: 19y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0003

First Name: Mikes
Last Name: Skapinakis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Turkey A.
Date of Arrival: Oct 01, 1909
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Alice
Port of Departure: Patras
Manifest Line Number: 0008
First Name: Michael
Last Name: Carassulis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Turkey
Date of Arrival: Oct 06, 1909
Age at Arrival: 35y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Oceania
Port of Departure: Patras
Manifest Line Number: 0004

First Name: Michael
Last Name: Kiliaris
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Turkey A.
Date of Arrival: Nov 03, 1909
Age at Arrival: 35y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Oceania
Port of Departure: Patras
Manifest Line Number: 0004
First Name: Theodore
Last Name: Patapis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chio, Turkey
Date of Arrival: May 13, 1910
Age at Arrival: 23y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Antonio Lopez
Port of Departure: Naples
Manifest Line Number: 0008

First Name: Theodore
Last Name: Stakias
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Turkey
Date of Arrival: Apr 04, 1911
Age at Arrival: 20y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Patras
Manifest Line Number: 0007
First Name: Michel
Last Name: Kamarados
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 16, 1911
Age at Arrival: 21y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Carpathia
Port of Departure: Trieste
Manifest Line Number: 0016

First Name: Pantelis
Last Name: Camarados
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Hios, Turkey
Date of Arrival: Jun 07, 1912
Age at Arrival: 20y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0030
First Name: Stelios
Last Name: Sarigiannis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Turkish
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionica, Turkey
Date of Arrival: Sep 8, 1912
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0028

First Name: Themistoclis
Last Name: Argyrakis
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassiliorico, Greece
Date of Arrival: Sep 17, 1912
Age at Arrival: 20y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Macedonia
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0008
First Name: Georgios
Last Name: Germanos
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilasica, Turkey
Date of Arrival: Sep 17, 1912
Age at Arrival: 20y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Laura
Port of Departure: Patras
Manifest Line Number: 0011

First Name: Demitrios
Last Name: Paneris
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilionico, Turkey A.
Date of Arrival: Sep 22, 1912
Age at Arrival: 19y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Gythion
Manifest Line Number: 0024
First Name: Nicolaos
Last Name: Ritsos
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilionico, Turkey A.
Date of Arrival: Sep 22, 1912
Age at Arrival: 38y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Gythion
Manifest Line Number: 0019

First Name: Constantinos
Last Name: Myriagos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Oct 19, 1913
Age at Arrival: 17y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Athinai
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0007
First Name: Constantinos
Last Name: Camarados
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionicon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Mar 23, 1915
Age at Arrival: 16y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0017

First Name: Michail
Last Name: Camarados
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionicon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Mar 23, 1915
Age at Arrival: 28y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0010
First Name: Lraklis
Last Name: Zofos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassi Canico, Greece
Date of Arrival: Mar 23, 1915
Age at Arrival: 25y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0016

First Name: Panagiotis
Last Name: Camarados
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionikou, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jun 20, 1915
Age at Arrival: 23y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0008
First Name: Christos
Last Name: Stakias
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassiliouikou, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jun 20, 1915
Age at Arrival: 26y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0004

First Name: Theodoros
Last Name: Stakias
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassiliouikou, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jun 20, 1915
Age at Arrival: 24y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0018
First Name: Aristidis
Last Name: Sarigiannis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionikon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jul 12, 1915
Age at Arrival: 25y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Vasilefs Constantinos
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0027

First Name: Johannis
Last Name: Sarigiannis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionikon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jul 12, 1915
Age at Arrival: 25y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Vasilefs Constantinos
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0015
First Name: Johannis
Last Name: Zofos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilionikon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jul 12, 1915
Age at Arrival: 34y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Vasilefs Constantinos
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0025

First Name: Georgios
Last Name: Myriangos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Oct 05, 1915
Age at Arrival: 16y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Vasilefs Constantinos
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0014
First Name: Argirio
Last Name: Vasilakis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: La Plata, Argentina, So. Am.
Date of Arrival: Apr 07, 1916
Age at Arrival: 23y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Vauban
Port of Departure: Rio de Janeiro
Manifest Line Number: 0002

First Name: Georgios
Last Name: Fetoukakis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 15, 1916
Age at Arrival: 17y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0019
First Name: Lannis
Last Name: Kamaradas
Ethnicity: Turkey, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilionikon, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 15, 1916
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0011

First Name: Georgios
Last Name: Kamarados
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 15, 1916
Age at Arrival: 46y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0018
First Name: Constantinos
Last Name: Petrakis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilioni, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 15, 1916
Age at Arrival: 36y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0009

First Name: Dimitrios
Last Name: Germanos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chio, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 12, 1916
Age at Arrival: 38y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Regina d Italia
Port of Departure: Napoli
Manifest Line Number: 0004
First Name: Stylianos
Last Name: Abanoudis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Hios, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 24, 1916
Age at Arrival: 17, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0004

First Name: Ioannis
Last Name: Fragakis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Hios, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 24, 1916
Age at Arrival: 9 m, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0014
First Name: Pantelis
Last Name: Paneris
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Hios, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 24, 1916
Age at Arrival: 13, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Patris
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0019

First Name: Stilianos
Last Name: Abanoudis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 29, 1916
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Ioannina
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0008
First Name: Georgios
Last Name: Zamaras
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 29, 1916
Age at Arrival: 18y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Ioannina
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0012

First Name: Nicolaos
Last Name: Zanaras
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: May 29, 1916
Age at Arrival: 36y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Ioannina
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0013
First Name: Zorzis
Last Name: Abanos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chio, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jun 25, 1916
Age at Arrival: 43y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Duca d'Aosta
Port of Departure: Napoli
Manifest Line Number: 0007

First Name: Panayotis
Last Name: Katsalas
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Greece
Date of Arrival: Oct 06, 1916
Age at Arrival: 29y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Re d Italia
Port of Departure: Napoli
Manifest Line Number: 0017
First Name: Costas
Last Name: Patapis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Nov 17, 1916
Age at Arrival: 27y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: Regina d Italia
Port of Departure: Napoli
Manifest Line Number: 0021

First Name: Demetre
Last Name: Kontogiannis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassiliko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 22, 1920
Age at Arrival: 35y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Megali Hellas
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0006
First Name: Pantelis
Last Name: Abanos
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Jun 22, 1920
Age at Arrival: 52y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Megali Hellas
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0023

First Name: Nicolaos
Last Name: Kontoghianis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Aug 10, 1920
Age at Arrival: 40, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Megali Hellas
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0019
First Name: Charalambos
Last Name: Koiliaris
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Oct 22, 1920
Age at Arrival: 49y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0030

First Name: Alexandros
Last Name: Ksintaris
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Chios, Greece
Date of Arrival: Oct 22, 1920
Age at Arrival: 40y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0027
First Name: Markos
Last Name: Argyrakis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vassilianko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Feb 28, 1921
Age at Arrival: 45y, Gender: M, Marital Status: S
Ship of Travel: King Alexander
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0001

First Name: Demetrios
Last Name: Zambounis
Ethnicity: Greece, Greek
Last Place of Residence: Vasilioniko, Greece
Date of Arrival: Apr 13, 1924
Age at Arrival: 52y, Gender: M, Marital Status: M
Ship of Travel: Themistocles
Port of Departure: Piraeus
Manifest Line Number: 0010

Πηγές:
  • The Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.
  • Virtual School, The sciences of Education Online, τόμος 1, τεύχος 3, Δεκέμβριος 1998
      Η ελληνική μετανάστευση στις ΗΠΑ (1900-1925)
      Μπόραβου Βασιλική, Ταβελλάρη Σοφία, Τρώντσιου Ευαγγελία

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